Archive for July, 2007


Facilitative Teachers

July 27, 2007

z Our precious teachers z

“The most powerful way to develop creativity in your students is to be a role model. Children develop creativity not when you tell them to, but when you show them.” Source: Robert J Sternberg, How to develop student creativity

An increasing number of educators believe that conventional instructional practice fails to help students in problem solving and thinking methods. They argue that most instruction is based one way direction by which teachers and authors attempt to directly transmit their expertise to students.

When students begin with real-life problems, they are more motivated to find solutions. To create such opportunity, many schools have adopted varied strategies such as case-studies, project-based instruction, debates, and technological stimulators. The creative Classroom Project for example was a collaboration between Project Zero and the Disney Worldwide Outreach to produce materials that help teachers explore and understand:

As facilitative teachers, when we use experiential exercises, we provide as much valid information as possible so that students can make a free and informed choice about whether to participate. This increases their commitment to the exercise and to the learning associated with it.

  1. The role of creativity and innovation in teaching and learning
  2. The importance of developing classroom and school environments that can bring out the best in teachers and students, and
  3. Methods for making classrooms more engaging places

Source: Creativity in the classroom: an exploration. Series of Videos and Guides

The Facilitative Teacher

First, you will reflect in your teaching who you are and what you value. Your messages will echo, consciously or not, your own unique spirit, personality traits and energy about your preferences in life. Second, the instructional techniques you choose to use – or not – also reflect your principles. From how you set up the room to what activities you choose to involve your students in, are all reflections of your own preference.

Becoming a facilitative teacher means using mutual learning approaches to help students develop knowledge and skills about a particular subject so they can apply it to real problems or opportunities.

Another part of being a facilitative teacher is sharing with students the strategies you are using for teaching and learning. Being transparent is necessary if you want to learn while teaching. It enables you and the students to explore how your proposed strategy will help or hinder students’ ability to learn.


Live Brainstorming Sessions

July 13, 2007


These guidelines were written as a Change This Manifesto in June 2007. Find it on


Creativity can be taught, nurtured, and enhanced. It does not belong solely to the artist among us, and certainly not genetically limited to the gifted.

In a series of articles, posts and quick tips, I hope to expand the creative capacity of non profits and social enterprises and provide a new tool to help spark their inner ingenuity.


Live Brainstorming Sessions

Every organization uses it. Every manager, board member, director, volunteer, participant or member has played a part in it at least once a year. We are talking brainstorming sessions.

Personally, I have been in so many to the point that I get a headache afterwards from all the thinking how to get out them. Just think for a second how many sessions have you been into that you can consider effective?

Brainstorming is a powerful tool, if used correctly, can enhance any decision a manager is ready to take. But just like any power tool, you must follow the instructions on how to put it together and use it, else you risk doing a bad job, or worse, harming yourself.

Take your mind back to the last brainstorming session you attended. What do you think was good about it? What did it lack? Did you contribute to it? Got something out of it?

In this article, I give you 10 guidelines to conduct a successful one, should you be in charge of facilitating the next brainstorming meeting.


1. Come prepared. And invite others to do so too.

If you notify all the participants 2 days in advance of the purpose of your session, and ask them to come ready with one or two ideas, you will have a head-start. People won’t take those precious first awkward moments to set their inner moods.


2. Invite others to the party.

Yes the team members are the only ones concerned with the longer working hours, but if you invite people from other departments, some participants or board members, you might be surprised at what they can offer you. Maybe your colleague has access to technology that will cut the time you write your report in half, your participant has extra free hours to volunteer with clean-up, or the director was so impressed that she decided to increase your budget to add another worker! Throw in some munchies and drinks to feed the tummies as you drain their brains.


3. Think and re-think the real issue.

Tackle the problem, not the symptoms. Re-writing that question or issue will open new lines of thoughts and increase the quality of the ideas. For example, if the session’s title is: “How can we involve board members in fundraising”, a new personal statement – such as “How can we make the board member involved in a particular program” – will add new dimensions to your ideas. Play with the statement for a while before settling on just one to start the session.

In a previous workshop I conducted in creative thinking, the group stated that a problem they faced in their daily work was lack of mental stimulation. I asked them to state the question once, and then change the verb each time. Following are some of the results:

Q1: In what ways can we occupy our minds?

Q2: In what ways can we get more information and knowledge?

Q3: In what ways can we become more interested?

Q4: In what ways can we make our work more exciting?

Q5: In what ways can we engage ourselves?

Each question will require a different thinking mode, resulting in multiple-leveled solutions for the same problem.


4. Record as you go.

Don’t forget a single word. Assign a note taker to write everything in front of everyone – to enhance each others’ ideas – and give that person a chance to contribute as well.


5. Defer judgment.

Imagine a pearl diver, plunging in the middle of the sea only to collect one oyster, swim back to surface, straight to shore and open his find, only to find nothing. Then he will put on his suit again, paddle back for a second one

You do the same thing when you stop at each idea to evaluate it.

In one of the sessions I attended, 3 out of 5 suggestions I proposed were rejected on the spot by the facilitator, “We don’t have enough money for that”, or “We cannot designate a worker for that”. Not only was I put off and in so refused to participate anymore, the group lost the opportunity to enhance those ideas to better fit the need. Other members didn’t propose any ideas out of fear of being rejected and the talk remained between the facilitator and director.

A brainstorming is just this: storming! In a real climate storm, you don’t stop running to asses the damage. You keep running until you reach a dead-end or your time runs up. But unlike a real weather condition, you have options in this room-temperature setting: you can re-state the problem to open a new stream of thoughts, or schedule another session to follow up.

Jot down everything! and then search for your treasure among those ideas.


6. Become a generator machine.

Never, NEVER, stop when you feel you have reached a suitable or good solution. You risk loosing a better one that might come in the next 4 minutes. Keep moving, with new fresh ideas or enhancing previous ones when you run out of juice. Radical and crazy ideas must not be confined in your brain cells. Get them all out on the table – and blackboard – as well.

In a non profit that ran a small video store, a crazy idea came in our brainstorming session of how to increase revenue, was to rent movies free of charge. Thankfully, that idea was not rejected, but worked with as is. The store decided to test it.

In a corner, a TV was set with lots of carpet space. It showed movies for free but sold popcorns, drinks, pizzas, and cushions. Soon sales took off and they learned something new. Now they rent the movies (for money) but provide a tested menu to order with every rented movie depending on its type (horror, comedy, drama,…), and it worked!

Set a timer (one hour) and continue to storm it.


7. Force large quotas.

Don’t stop because time ran out. Type the written ideas and send them to the team and others who didn’t attend the session. Ask each to add 2 more ideas to reach the 100 quota before moving to the next step of evaluating them.


8. Elaborate and improve.

Connect two or more ideas to create a combined one, modify a plan by looking at it from different angles, the workers’, participants’, sponsors’, board members’, funders’, and other organizations’.


9. Enhance visuals.

On your flip chart you write the words that describe the proposed solution, but that is not your only option. Use sketches (my favorite is the stick man), drawings, color coding, arrows, triangles, stars and crooked lines to connect the thoughts. You will appreciate the master piece once you’re done and might consider framing it.


10. Threaten yourself.

Why not make everybody sit upright and tensed by suggesting more government cuts? You can envision your problem from a different perspective by suggesting a reaction to a problem that increases the adrenaline in many non profits dramatically.

For example: instead of stating “In what ways may we improve our fundraising efforts”, try asking “In what ways could the government shift their strategies that would really harm us”? or “How can we work so bad that we loose all the current funding”?. Here you list all the mishaps you can do – have fun imagining – in order to think of new venues, then implement the opposite ideas. You will get a much real – straight from the heart – ideas using this tool.

So there you are, set and ready for your upcoming brainstorming session. But just before you leave, let’s have a small exercise and answer the following:

“How many uses can you find for a paper clip?” Or “What are all the things a paper clip can be?”

Set the timer to 10 minutes, and send your complete list to I will compile them all for the next article.


Randah Taher


For the paper clip exercise, I have compiled the list with all previous responses from readers, email me to have a peek!

These guidelines were written as a Manifesto in June 2007. To download the pdf format, go to